Autism is a neurological disorder most recently renamed as a single umbrella disorder known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Each individual has a range of characteristics, differing levels of severity, and various delays. Therefore, each individual requires different levels of assistance and intervention. Autism Spectrum Disorder is characterized by symptoms that cause functional impairment, in two main areas:
- Social communication/interaction
- Behavior (repetitive and restricted)
In May 2013, the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was released, presenting a revised diagnosis to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). This manual is the main reference used to determine the diagnostic criteria. Some of the key changes in DSM-5 include:
- The elimination of the sub-diagnoses of Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, and Disintegrative Disorder. The diagnosis will be
- called Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
- The diagnostic criteria have been rearranged into two areas: 1) social communication/interaction, and 2) restricted and repetitive behaviors.
- Symptoms must begin in early childhood, although they may not be recognized fully until social demands exceed capacity.
- Symptom severity for each of the two areas of the diagnostic criteria is now defined.
- There is a new diagnostic category of social communication disorder.
For more details regarding the changes to the criteria, visit the American Academy of Pediatrics News website at http://safebestdeal.com/
Visit the DSM-5 website for the American Psychiatric Association’s Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet: http://safebestdeal.com/
To see the full text of the diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the related diagnosis of Social Communication Disorder as they appear in the DSM-5, visit Autism Speaks’ website: http://safebestdeal.com/
For a side-by-side look at the diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder under both DSM-IV and DSM-5, visit Talk About Curing Autism’s (TACA) website: http://safebestdeal.com/